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Chandigarh architecture

The architectural style of the city, which has rightly come to be called the ‘Chandigarh architecture’, is represented by the unfinished concrete for the buildings in the Capitol Complex and other major buildings, exposed brickwork and use of brise-soleil ( a louvered screen) that replaces conventional verandah to keep sunlight from walls and windows.  Another characteristic is neatly finished during construction.There are no narrow streets in Chandigarh. It has wide roads to accommodate the modern means of transport.  Most of the buildings are closely spaced, number of houses having been constructed in a single continuous row.  This is called 'terrace housing'. Large number of houses in Chandigarh have been constructed in this mode.

For visitors, some buildings are on the "must-see" list. We will walk you through some of the most significant among these :

CAPITOL COMPLEX
Capitol ComplexThe Capitol Complex located in Sector 1 is the raison-d' etre for this city, the seat of the Government.  Originally, it housed only the Government of Punjab but now it is the joint headquarters of Punjab and Haryana.  The offices of the Union Territory of Chandigarh are located in Sector 9.

This sector, set against the backdrop of Shivalikhills, was entirely developed by Le Corbusier. The complex consists of the Secretariat,  the Legislative Assembly and the High Court. Capitol ComplexThere was to have been a fourth building in the form of A Raj Bhawan (Governor's Palace) or a Museum  of Knowledge but this is yet to be realised.

The three edifices of the Capitol Complex stand in their majesty as monuments.  They were conceived as temples of democracy of free India.  Their bold sculptural forms epitomize the plasticity of Le Corbusier's architecture which consider concrete as "molten rock".

Secretariat

sectretariatThe Secretariat is the largest of these edifices in the Capitol Complex. It is the headquarter of both Punjab and Haryana governments. It is a huge multi-storeyed linear slab-like structure, intended as a work place for 4000 people.  The building is 254 meters long and 42 meters high.  It is composed of 8 storeys.The long line of rhythmic sun breakers is relieved by introducing varied heights and projections, together with a roof containing towers, funnels, pavilions and a cafeteria jutting out like an art object placed on a pedestal. In the hands of Corbusier, this basically repetitive framework has been shaped into a work of art. Built during 1953-59, it is shaped like an eight -storey concrete slab, with its distinctive brise-soleil ( louvered screen ) of deeply sculptured two-storey porticos in the centre, housing the offices of ministers. The cafeteria rests atop the terrace like an art object, giving a spectacular view of the city

Legislative Assembly

Legislative Assembly
The Legislative Assembly at the north-eastern end of the Capitol piazza is the most sculptural of them all.  The Assembly has a square plan 100 m by 100 m on plan, placed symmetrically on the horizontal axis of

 


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