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This east coastal city is the commercial industrial heart of Andhra Pardesh's isolated north-east corner the fastest developing cities in Asia, and is home to India's largest shipbuilding yard. Originally it was two separate towns- the northern and more urbane Waltair and the southern port town of Visakhapatnam also known as "Vizag". From a small fishing village, it has burgeoned into a bustling port and also an important industrial and commercial city. The hilly seaside area of Waltair is edged by long beaches affording views across the Bay of Bengal and the busy Kolkotta-Chennai shipping lane. it is also known for country's largest ship building yard. At Simhachalam Hill, 10km north of the town, there's an 11th century Vishnu temple in fine Orissan style. The best beach is Rishikonda, also about 10km north. It is over 600 kms from Hyderabad. The most conspicuous landmark at Visakhapatnam is the Dolphin's nose. Visakhapatnam was named after the God of Valour, Visakha. Once a small fishing village, it formed part of the Kalinga empire, under Ashoka in 260 BC., passing successively from the Andhra kings to Vengi to the Pallavas, Cholas and Gangas. In the 15th century, Visakhapatnam became part of the Vijayanagar empire.
Facts of the Visakhapatnam
Simhachalam 16 kms. away from Vishakhpatmam, it is Eleventh Century old temple dedicated to Lord Varaha narasimha. Moreover it is also called "Simhagiri" or "Lion's Hill" . It is lies in the northern direction of Visakhapatnam, which is a District Headquarters of Andhra. It has been hailed as the most famous and the best sculptured shrine. It has Sri Varahalakshmi Narasimha Swamy as the presiding deity. Simhachalam temple is known as the second richest temple (after Tirupati) for earning a revenue. He gives "nijaroopa darshan" (holy appearance in true form) for only 12 hours in a year and on all the remaining 364 days and 12 hours, the Lord is covered with sandalwood paste. The original shape of the deity in the tribhanga posture has two hands with the head of a lion on a human torso. The Simhachalam temple faces the West unlike so many others which face the East. An east-facing entrance, according to religious belief, brings prosperity while the west - facing one brings victory. The real shape of the deity can can be viewed only during Chandanayatra Festival (March-April). One can reach Simhachalam either by train, which goes up to Simhachalam Railway Station, or more easily by bus from Visakhapatnam. Visakhapatnam is an important junction in the Madras to Calcutta line, and is also connected by air from Hyderabad.
The most famous landmark at Visakhapatnam is
the Dolphin's Nose, a rocky promontory in the port. This huge rock, 174 m
in height and 358 m above sea level, is shaped like a Dolphin's nose. The
rock juts out into the sea, forming a headland on which is the
lighthouse. This lighthouse has a beam that can be seen 64 km out at sea.
At 4 km. from Visakhapatnam, the massive stone buildings of the Andhra University on the uplands of Visakhapatnam were constructed in 1926.
The Ross Hill
The highest mount, named after Mr. Ross, a local authority, built a house on it in 1864. This was later converted into a Roman Catholic Chapel and named "Our Lady of the Sacred Heart".
There is a mosque and a shrine of a Muslim prophet Iashaque Madina, who was revered for his prophecies.
Sri Venkateswara Konda
This temple was built by Captain Blackmoor in 1886, according to the Telugu inscriptions.
Bheemunipatnam This beautiful sandy beach is picturesquely situated at the confluence of Gosthani river into Bay of Bengal. It is one of the finest sea resorts of India and is well known as Bheemli. It is the safest of all the beaches here. Its beautiful beach and invigorating climate coupled with the pleasantness provided by the lush green palm groves adds to its immense attraction . A ruined fort and armory remain and sequestered among plantain and palm groves. The Dutch cemetry where 13 tombs mark a span of time from 1661 to 1770 AD. The Dutch influence can be seen from the architectural style of the houses built there. There is a Dutch cemetery called Hollanders Green, which overlooks the ocean. The evidence of the British presence in Bheemunipatnam can be seen from the 19th century clock tower and the church of St’ Peter. Bheemunipatnam was a major Dutch port in the past.
Ramakrishna Beach And Lawson's Bay
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